Jim Corbett National Park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park. This park is placed at the Uttaranchal. Before 1815-20 of the British rule, the Jim Corbett National Park was the private property of the local rulers. On January 1907, Sir Michael Keen for the first time referred to the prospect of turning these forests into the game refuge but the suggestion was turned down. After in 1934 the governor, Sir Malcolm Hailey, supported the idea of having a refuge and wanted performance of a law to give it protection. In discussion with Major Jim Corbett, the boundaries of the park were demarcated and in 1936, the united local national Park Act was compulsory and it became the first National Park of India.
Finally it becomes Jim Corbett National Park in honor of the legend hunter Jim Corbett. Jim Corbett was a great hunter and environmentalist. He was known for hunting man-eating Leopards and Tigers in the Garhwal and Kumaon region. The project tiger campaign is under way at the Corbett National Park for protecting the endangered Bengal tiger of India.
Thick cover of moist deciduous forests like sal, haldu, pipal, rohini and mango trees make most of the vegetation in the Corbett National Park.10 per cent of the national park area comprises grasslands. Statistics put that it houses approximately 110 tree species, 50 species of mammals, 580 bird species and around 25 reptile species.
Corbett National Park is classified into four major safari zones Dhikala Safari Zone, Bijrani Safari Zone, Durga Devi Safari Zone and Jhirna Safari Zone. Each of these safari zones has the popularity amongst the tourists.
The entrance to Dhikala safari zone in Jim Corbett National Park is called Dhangari gate. The safari zone is an unspoiled area, where your heart, mind, body and soul come in unison with Mother Nature. The zone is where wildlife befriends tourists, welcomed by the melodies of bird chirping and rich and unique aroma of alpine vegetation.
Tourists can look for jeep safari in a day, and twice in the open Jeep. Maximum of 6 persons can be accommodated in Jeep. Canter Safari facilities also available with Canter pickupfrom the Ramnagar 7.30 in the morning. Maximum of 18 passengers can be accommodated at point of time. Evening safaris not allowed by CTR.
Bijrani Tourist Zone in Corbett National Park is amongst the first choices to make by the tourists. The entry to safari zone is via Amanda gate which around 1 km walking distance from Ramnagar. Further traveling 5kms through the buffer zone, tourists will reach the Bijrani campus, where the actual safari ride begins. In case you are planning for morning safari, make sure to go for advance booking. For evening safaris, the spots are reserved on the basis of first cum first serve basis. You will always be escorted by a guide and a driver. Evening safaris not allowed by CTR.
Jhirna safari zone is located in Corbett national park at a distance of 16 km. from Ramnagar. You need to get the permit which is issued by the Corbett Tiger Reserve before proceeding to Jhirna. The Safari Zone area is fraught with natural beauty and is a common sight for its wild beers that the tourists can spot just any time during their safari tour. You will always be escorted by a guide and a driver.
Durgadevi safari zone in Corbett national park is at a distance of approximately 28kms. from Ramnagar. Safari Permits issued by CTR require to visit this zone. This area is located at the foothill of Kumaon Himalayas, along with the Ramganga River, It is also a popular fishing site. Ramganga River has good quantity of Mahashir fish in the river waters. Morning and Evening time safari can possible in this zone. Maximum of 6 persons can be accommodated in Jeep.
Establishment year of Jim Corbett National Park: 1936
Corbett Area in square kms: 1288.32 sq.
1) Corbett National Park : 520.82 sq. Kms
2) Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary : 301.18 sq. Kms
3) Reserve Forest : 466.32 sq. Kms
Altitude: 390-1190 m above sea level
Temperature range: 42°C during summer to 4°C in winter
Annual rainfall: 1420-2820 mm.
Main river in Jim Corbett National Park: Ramganga, Mandal, Palain, Sonanadi
Birds: Over 550 types of bird in Corbett
Fishes: Mahaseer, Trout, Goonch
Mammals: Tiger, Leopard, Wild Elephants, Jungle cat, Sambhar, Cheetal, Hog deer, Barking Deer, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Slothbear, Civet, King Cobra, Muntjac, Elephant, Nilgai, Gharial, Common Musk Shrew, Flying Fox, Indian Pangolin, Hedgehog many more.
Reptiles: Gharial, Mugger, Crocodile, Python, King Cobra
Best Time for Dhikala Zone: 15 November to 15 June
Best Time for Bijrani Zone: 15 October to 30 June
Best Time for Durgadevi Zone: 15 October to 30 June
Best Time for Jhirna Zone: Round of the Year
Ramnagar is the nearest town to reach Corbett National Park.
By Road: Ramnagar is well connected via road Delhi, Lucknow, Dehradun, Nainital and Ranikhet.
By Train: The nearest railway station is Ramnagar. It is just 12kms far from the Jim Corbett National Park. The Ranikhet Express runs between Delhi to Ramnagar.
By Air: The nearest domestic airport is Pantnagar. It is approx 50kms from the Jim Corbett National Park. The International Airport (New Delhi) is only 295kms far from the Corbett National Park.